Disney Reflections No.3 – Disgracing the Forces of Evil

This is Disney Reflections, a series of monthly posts in which I compare Disney animated fairy tales to the original stories.

Sleeping Beauty was the last Disney fairy tale made under the personal direction of Walt Disney, and the last the studios would produce for thirty years. This one I’m watching on DVD, the platinum edition no less, which means it comes with an underwhelming music video for ‘Once Upon a Dream’. To be fair, no one can make me like that song.

The fairy tale: My Fairy Tale Tuesday review can be read here. There are older versions of the story in which the prince’s encounter with Sleeping Beauty takes place on considerably less courteous terms (which makes you think about why those encircling thorns were so necessary) but the one I discuss follows the more popular pattern of love at first sight – it doesn’t even take a kiss to wake her. It then continues after the wedding with vicious family politics. I like it more than I probably should.

http://img2.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20140511171004/disney/images/7/72/Original_Sleeping_Beauty_Poster.jpgThe film: The story opens, as have all Disney fairy tales to date, with a storybook sequence introducing us to the action. King Stefan and his queen (who, I notice, never gets a name) have long been childless and when they finally get the baby of their dreams, they proclaim a holiday throughout the kingdom so that everyone can ‘pay homage’ to the newborn princess Aurora. So, not an actual holiday, then.

The christening ceremony kicks off with a celebratory procession and King Hubert (yeah, the king next door gets a name) shows up with his small son Philip to seal a betrothal between the children. The royals certainly waste no time in cementing their alliances. Such mundane visitors are eclipsed, however, by the arrival of ‘the three good fairies’ – the phrasing of it makes me wonder, are they the only fairies in the kingdom or are the rest on rocky terms with the monarchy? Where are all the bad fairies?

Flora, Fauna and Merryweather appear as diminutive middle-aged ladies who just happen to have magic wands and wings, and are a lot more taken with Aurora than Philip was. Flora’s christening gift to the little princess is beauty, which…is nice, but not the most useful application of magic ever. Did she not consider giving Aurora wicked maths skills for rehauling the kingdom’s taxation system, or a photographic memory for learning speeches? Fauna’s offering of song is a bit more constructive. Merryweather goes last and we never get to see what she had planned – which is a terrible shame as I think it would have been awesome – because at this moment the christening gets crashed by Maleficent.

She holds to the Disney trend of stylish female supervillains with excellent cheekbones and tyranny issues. Having very deliberately not been invited, she stretches out the awkward moment for as long as possible while the royals watch her like hypnotised mice and the good fairies scramble to shield the cradle. All to no avail: she bestows her ‘gift’ on the baby regardless, vowing that on the day she turns sixteen Aurora will prick her finger on a spinning wheel and die. With that, Maleficent disappears in a pillar of green flame.

Is she a bad fairy or a sorceress? Either way, I bet if she was buttered up correctly she’d give fantastic gifts, like razor sarcasm or a flawless right hook.

http://images4.fanpop.com/image/photos/24400000/Sleeping-Beauty-disney-classics-24452979-960-540.jpg Sadly, that’s not what happened. Once spoken, the curse cannot be undone, but it can be softened. Merryweather changes the magic so that Aurora’s injury will cause an enchanted sleep, not death, and she will awaken at the touch of love’s first kiss. That is of course not much reassurance for King Stefan, who orders every spinning wheel in the kingdom to be burned (goodbye, cloth industry!). The fairies, who are also dissatisfied with the outcome, gather in private for tea and plotting. Fauna is concerned about Maleficent’s mental health and Merryweather is almost incoherent with rage, which leaves Flora to make an actual plan. It is, can I say, a really bad plan: disguise themselves as peasants, give up magic and raise Aurora under a different identity.

Everyone agrees to the plan. I suppose the alternative is doom by spinning wheel, but talk about emotional devastation for the king and queen.

What’s amazing is, the plan works. In a menacing castle at the top of a menacing mountain, Maleficent is literally thundering at her army of low-grade minions, and for good reason. Sixteen years to the day after the fairies slipped away from the castle with the baby princess, they are still looking for Aurora in cradles. “They’re hopeless,” Maleficent sighs, “a disgrace to the forces of evil.” She’s talking to her pet raven, the only intelligent company in the place and from the look of it, the same bird who lived with Snow White’s stepmother. Clearly it has a taste for wickedness. Maleficent sends her bird to hunt down Aurora, before the curse can fail.

Meanwhile, a girl known as Briar Rose is about to turn sixteen. Her three guardians intend to throw a surprise party and bundle her off into the woods to pick berries so they can get on with preparations. Given their total lack of subtlety, it’s a miracle they’ve managed to keep anything secret so long. Also astonishing is how they’ve lived without magic, as they certainly haven’t learned how to cook or make clothes. Merryweather is taking the ban hardest; she imagines they can make an exception for the party, but Flora’s having none of that. This is their last chance to do things the human way. Fauna is having a go at baking, while Flora makes a new dress for Aurora by hand. Merryweather gets roped into modelling. Fortunately for Flora, she’s too upset about the prospect of Briar Rose returning to her birth parents to make a real effort at mutiny.

Briar Rose, entirely unaware, is wandering through the seemingly berryless woods, unleashing her spectacular singing voice. The Disney bluebirds recognise a kindred spirit and http://img4.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20130531025634/degrassi/images/e/ec/Sleeping_beauty_aurora_singing.jpgsoon whip up a suitable audience of woodland creatures, including a starstruck owl and some mildly bewildered rabbits. Also overhearing her, a horseman in red tries to rein in and just gets unimpressed side-eye from his horse Samson. Only when the word ‘carrots’ is uttered does Samson kick into gear, bounding off in Briar Rose’s general direction and in his enthusiastic rush, accidentally tossing the prince into a river. for of course, the man in red is none other than Prince Philip.

It’s a good thing Aurora has acquired friends among the local wildlife, because she’s led an intensely cloistered life and is still being treated as a little girl by her doting guardians. Even in her dreams of love, she’s never got as far as the kiss. The owl, deeply moved by her story, spies Philip’s cloak and hat drying out on a branch and convinces his friends to steal them; with the rabbits hopping around in the boots and the owl under the hat, they return to Aurora as a makeshift prince. She laughs, playing along, but during the dance the woodland prince is replaced by a real one who seizes her from behind like that’s romantic and not what a really scary stranger would do. He insists they’ve met before, ‘once upon a dream’.

I genuinely hate that song. This scene is at least half the reason why.

Briar Rose has probably never met a boy her own age before. She’s lonely enough to tumble headfirst into mutual infatuation but is also confused, backing off when he goes in for a kiss and babbling ‘never!’ when he asks to see her again. He suggests tomorrow as an alternative. She changes that to tonight, and gives him her address. Honey, no, dreams are not reliable! Do not give out personal information to people you may or may not have encountered in a dream!

Back at the cottage, the dress Flora made is rags held together by ribbon, the cake is falling to bits, and Merryweather is climbing the walls. The others cave, admitting the only way to salvage the mess is with magic. Drawing all the curtains and stopping up the cracks, they get to work with their wands. Fauna chats cheerfully with cake ingredients, showing them the recipe; Flora whips up a dress in her favourite shade, pink, and Merryweather gets stuck cleaning the room because the elder two don’t take her seriously. She takes her revenge by changing the dress to blue whenever Flora turns her back.

This escalates into a colour duel, sparks flying up the unguarded chimney like a whacking great beacon shrieking MAGIC! It does not take a Sherlock raven to notice. Also, the dress turns out a disastrous splotchy mix of both colours. As Briar Rose returns, Merryweather quickly magics it to straight blue. Not that she really needed to bother – the girl is giving off a lovestruck vibe that can be seen in the dark and when they realise she’s met a boy the fairies act like someone’s died. In a manner of speaking, she has. Briar Rose learns her true identity, and at the same time, that she’s betrothed to a man she’s never met. She runs upstairs to cry. No cake is eaten.

Her parents, on the other hand, are preparing for a celebration sixteen years in the making. King Stefan’s banquet hall is set up for a huge feast and he’s trying to discuss his parental anxieties with his friend King Hubert. Unfortunately, Hubert is an insensitive lout who’d rather get them both drunk on endless toasts to the future. He cares less about Aurora’s return than the ensuing marriage – he’s already had a house designed and built for the newlyweds – and the grandchildren he hopes to have. Realising his daughter’s life is being planned out before he’s even met her, Stefan tries to object and his intoxicated friend takes immediate offence. It goes a lot less diplomatic from there. “Unreasonable, pompous, blustering old windbag!” Stefan shouts, accurately. Hubert attacks him with a fish. They both realise how ridiculous they’re being and drink some more. They are terrible role models.

Aurora may not be around to defend her rights, but Philip is. Riding home with his head in the clouds, he tells his horrified father he’s met the girl of his dreams, he doesn’t know her name and by the way, she’s a peasant. Guess which of these facts upsets Hubert most. Philip takes absolutely none of his father’s rage seriously, drifting off to dream some more before his rendezvous. Hubert doesn’t know how to break it to Stefan. Are they married now? WHERE IS THE QUEEN?

The day is almost over. Swathed in a cloak and her own misery, Aurora is ushered into her parents’ castle through a side entrance and led up a back stairway to a pretty cage of a bedroom, where she can prepare for the big meeting. When the fairies place a tiara upon her head, she bursts into tears. They have nothing comforting to say, so give her the only thing they can, which is space. Not necessarily a wise decision. The fire gutters out, the smoke turning into a green orb. The princess rises like a waxen doll to follow it.

Outside, Merryweather is fermenting rebellion against outdated marriage practices and Fauna, never one for confrontation, is dithering anxiously. Flora, the manager, is the first to realise they’ve lost Aurora. They break into her room, where a doorway has opened in the fireplace. With the fairies following as fast as they can, their cries unheard, Aurora climbs into a tower room where a spinning wheel waits with more menace than any inanimate object should possess. Aurora’s face has frozen in a skeptical eyebrow arch and she draws back a little from the sharp needle, trying to reassert control, but at Maleficent’s order she reaches out. A touch is all it takes. She collapses. The sorceress disappears, triumphant at last.

As the fairies mourn their lost girl, fireworks burst across the sky. The whole kingdom is waiting. How can they possibly go into the hall where Stefan and his queen are straining for the first glimpse of their long-lost daughter, and tell them it’s all been for nothing? Flora, for one, cannot. She enchants the whole palace to sleep while they decide how to save Aurora. Hubert, ever oblivious, is trying to tell Stefan about Philip’s crush while they both fall asleep and Flora, overhearing, works out the Shakespearean misunderstanding that’s taken place. The fairies hasten back to the cottage to intercept the prince, but once again they are too late. Maleficent’s knock-off orcs, incompetent at all other things, can at least kidnap a prince when he’s more or less giftwrapped for them.

http://www.families.com/wp-content/uploads/media/1426capture_sleepingbeauty12.jpgWhat’s a trio of fairy godmothers to do? They haven’t the power to take on Maleficent directly, but by miniaturising themselves they sneak into her fortress undetected, flitting from one terrifying architectural outcrop to another until they reach the main hall. The minions are dancing fiendishly (probably the only dance they know, let’s be honest) while Maleficent looks indulgently on, petting her raven. She decides to have some entertainment of her own, going down to the dungeons to visit the chained prince. A hundred years will pass, she promises, before she’ll let him go – by the time he can pursue Aurora he’ll be a doddering old man, lucky to make it past the gates. Having left him suitably defeated, Maleficent sweeps out. “For the first time in sixteen years,” she tells her raven, “I shall sleep well.”

As soon as she’s gone the fairies are in there, busting Philip’s manacles and giving him weapons – a Shield of Virtue and a Sword of Truth. They are running through the fortress when the raven spots them and sounds the alarm. The minions attempt to pin them with boulders; the fairies transform these into soap bubbles, and the arrows that follow into flowers. Who says pretty magic can’t win a war?

Merryweather, who’s taken a passionate dislike to the raven, turns it into a statue. Maleficent is devastated and retaliates by conjuring a labyrinth of thorns around Stefan’s castle. Seeing Philip stubbornly hacking his way through, she then uses her final magic wildcard: transforming herself into a gorgeous purple and black dragon, accessorised with livid green flame. Philip scrambles a retreat, losing his shield in the rush. He’s soon backed up on the edge of a cliff. In their panic, the good fairies ditch pretty for some old fashioned fury. They enspell his sword so that when it is thrown, it embeds itself in Maleficent’s heart. She tumbles off the cliff, leaving behind only a stain of black and purple with a sword stabbed through the dirt.

Unimpeded, Philip hurries through the castle to Aurora’s chamber. The music swells. I’d buy the romantic moment more if she didn’t look so green and zombie-ish. Philip, nothing daunted (he’s a man in love, you know) leans in for the kiss and Aurora wakes with a smile. Arm in arm with her handsome prince, she descends to greet her parents with remarkable poise. Hubert watches on bewilderedly while his son and future daughter-in-law dance off into the clouds.

I think the clouds are allegorical but it’s hard to be sure.

Watching proudly from above, Flora suddenly notices that Aurora’s dress is blue and flicks her wand irritably, changing it to pink. Merryweather makes it blue again. The battle continues as Aurora dances on, oblivious, into her happy ending.

Merryweather totally wins, though.

Spot the Difference: The first two fairy tales Disney adapted stuck very close to the original plots, merely emphasising suitably cartoonish elements, but this one veers noticeably into new ground. The biggest difference is obviously, no hundred years of sleep – Aurora barely has time to take a nap before Philip comes to get her, and she met him first, so there’s plausibly implied consent to the kiss. Given that the film ends just before the marriage, there’s obviously no cannibalistic mother-in-law either – no mother-in-law at all from the look of things, and the queen’s role is depressingly slight.

On the upside, the fairy godmothers are much more proactive (though sadly they have no dragon chariots. You let me down, Disney). Raising a princess as a commoner is a familiar fairy tale trope but new to this particular story, and while Aurora may be stripped of agency in many ways, you can see she has a life of her own. Used to running wild in the forest, comfortable with the friendly muddle of her home and guardians, she’s a much-loved, well-adjusted girl. If you’re going to adapt a fairy tale, that’s a good place to start.

Review – Blue Lily, Lily Blue

Blue Lily, Lily Blue (The Raven Cycle No.3) – Maggie Stiefvater

Scholastic Press, 2014

When the cursed girl and the raven boys met, each came with their own secrets. Blue, the  daughter of a psychic, knows one of her friends is doomed to die. Ronan’s dreams come to life. Gansey was resurrected on the ley line because Noah was murdered there, and now their friend Adam is bound to the service of its magic. In the search for the legendary king Glendower they have encountered many wonders, but now Blue’s mother has vanished, the ley line’s demands are getting louder and a legend hunter has come to town. The dream is turning into a nightmare.

This book is difficult to review because not much definably happened in it. The first two books – The Raven Boys and The Dream Thieves – both had similarly slow pacing, but Blue Lily, Lily Blue did not provide nearly enough action or emotional punch to compensate. The ‘destined’ romantic relationship continues to exasperate me, while the relationship that I actually care about barely advanced at all. Hopefully the long set-up will pay off in the fourth and final book of the series, The Raven King.

The Sharazad Project: Week 12

Back to night twenty, when Ja’far is bargaining for his slave’s life with the story of the vizier Nur al-Din ‘Ali and his brother Shams al-Din Muhammad. Are the two cases connected in any way? Probably not, since Ja’far begins by saying ‘in the old days’. The old days in Egypt, to be specific, when a philanthropic sultan ruled with the support of his highly competent vizier. This vizier has two sons, ‘unequalled in comeliness and beauty’, but the younger, Nur al-Din ‘Ali is so stunning that people come from all over the place to check him out. Yes, seriously. When their father dies, the sultan appoints the young men as joint viziers. It’s a lovely gesture. Not necessarily wise.

The brothers are very happy with the arrangement, though, and it’s convenient that when the sultan goes travelling one vizier can go with him while the other remains behind. The elder brother has been doing some serious thinking and pulls Nur al-Din aside before he leaves. “Brother, it is my intention that you and I should marry on the same night,” he begins. “Do what you want,” his younger brother agrees, but Shams al-Din is by no means done. Not only does he want them to marry at the same time, he wants them to get their wives pregnant at the same time, for both women to give birth on the same day, for one to produce a girl and the other a boy and for the hypothetical cousins to get married. Clearly he’s given this some thought.

Instead of pointing out life is rarely that simple, Nur al-Din gets into the plan and asks what dowry would be appropriate for Shams al-Din’s daughter. “I shall take from your son,” Shams al-Din announces, “three thousand dinars, three orchards and three estates. On no other terms will the marriage contract be valid.” Nur al-Din is insulted by the steep price, given they are brothers and all. “You should give your daughter to my son without asking for any dowry at all,” he retorts, adding the revolting sexist aside, “You know the male is better than the female.” Like a good not-actually-a-dad, Shams al-Din is infuriated on his non-existant daughter’s behalf. He says he only lets Nur al-Din share the vizierate out of pity, to give him something to do, and now he’s so furious he’s breaking off the marriage. Of those kids they don’t have.

I find the escalation of this argument completely believable.

The next day Shams al-Din sets off with the sultan for the pyramids at Giza, and Nur al-Din makes preparations for a journey of his own. “Lions that do not leave their lair will find no prey,” he broods. “Arrows not shot from bows can strike no target.” Basically he’s done being co-vizier with his high-handed brother and is striking out on his own. He rides off into the desert, and after days of travel he ends up at Basra. Here his rich possessions catch the eye of the local vizier, an elderly and astute individual who makes some inquiries and arranges an introduction. Apparently he’s also a good listener because the young vizier soon tells him the whole story and announces his plan to overcome his brother’s insult by visiting every city in every land in the world.

Look, he fought with his brother over a hypothetical wedding of hypothetical children, born to hypothetical wives. Let’s not expect him to be reasonable about anything.

The elderly vizier gently points out this is a terrible plan, so why not stay in Basra and be adopted instead? He has a beautiful daughter, in need of a beautiful husband, and as he’s getting on in years he’s happy to step down so his prospective son-in-law can take his place as vizier of Basra. In order to make the sultan accept the switch, the elderly vizier calls all his friends together and tells them Nur al-Din is his nephew. Everyone takes a look at Nur al-Din and ‘admired what they saw’ so much they don’t pick any holes in the story. The young vizier is sent off to spruce up at the baths and returns even handsomer than before, to meet his bride.

Night twenty one takes us back to Egypt, where Shams al-Din has just discovered his brother’s escapade. All the servants can tell him is that Nur al-Din set off for a few days’ me time and never came back. Feeling guilty about their argument, Shams al-Din goes to the sultan to explain and sets a network of agents across the country searching for information. This is the sort of thing I imagined viziers would do and I am pleased. For all his efforts, however, he can find no trace of his brother.

Shortly afterwards he too marries, and because DESTINY, his wedding takes place on the exact same day that Nur al-Din gets married in Basra. Their wives fall pregnant at the same time. Shams al-Din is given a beautiful daughter; Nur al-Din gets a beautiful son. Given how badly they mismanaged their children’s lives before the kids were even born, this feels like the beginning of a new familial disaster.

The boy is named Badr al-Din Hasan. With his father newly appointed as vizier, and winning favour from all sides, little Hasan grows up in luxury, granted an excellent education and the adoring stares of strangers whenever he goes outside. Yes, seriously! ‘They sat in the street waiting for him to come back so that they could have the pleasure of looking at his comely and well-shaped form’. It’s creepy.

Even the sultan is besotted and insists on the boy always being at court. When Nur al-Din falls ill, he tries to give instructions to his fifteen-year-old son but homesickness overtakes him and instead he has Hasan write a letter to Shams al-Din explaining his life since he left Egypt. “If anything happens to you,” he tells his son, “go to Egypt, ask for your uncle and tell him that I have died in a foreign land, longing for him.”

So something disastrous is going to happen. Good to know.

Hasan conceals the letter in his turban and listens to his father’s last advice. Firstly: ‘do not be on intimate terms with anyone, for in this way you will be safe from the evil they may do you’. The second: ‘injure no man’. The third is to keep quiet about other people’s faults, the fourth to avoid wine, the fifth to be financially responsible. Four of these suggestions are sound advice. The first, I predict to be a life ruiner, up there with ‘don’t open this very specific door’.

Nur al-Din dies with his son at his side. Hasan goes into deep mourning for two months, during which time he won’t leave the house, and the sultan – being mildly inconvenienced by the loss of his favourite court ornament – loses patience with this whole grief business. He punishes the slight by appointing a chamberlain as his new vizier and handing over all Nur al-Din’s land and possessions as a package with the job. The vizier’s first instruction is to go arrest Hasan.

Fortunately, some people at court remain loyal to the old vizier and one ally comes to warn Hasan, who has not even the time to fetch money or transport. Using a fold of his robe to hide his face, he flees the city on foot. The first place he goes is the grave of his father. While he sits there, lost and sad, a Jewish money-changer approaches him and oh dear, I’m suddenly very anxious. Are we about to add anti-Semitism to the racism and sexism? But no, Ishaq the money-changer is there because several of Nur al-Din’s trading ships have returned to port and word has not yet spread of his son’s displacement. Ishaq wants to buy a cargo and has brought cash. Hasan is now supplied with a thousand dinars, but the encounter has driven home his father’s loss all over again and he cries himself to sleep on Nur al-Din’s tomb.

As it happens, this graveyard is a favourite haunt of religiously minded jinn. One particular jinniya (a female jinn) sees Hasan’s lovely face shining in the moonlight and is very much taken with the aesthetic appeal of him. He’s still in her mind when she meets a passing ifrit in the sky above the graveyard, and she suggests they go ogle together. The ifrit is duly impressed, but he doesn’t consider Hasan’s beauty to be matchless. He’s just come from Cairo, where the daughter of Shams al-Din has grown up into a stunning beauty. The sultan himself wanted to marry her (which, if he’s the same sultan, is incredibly inappropriate) but Shams al-Din has vowed that she shall marry no one but his brother’s son. So by now he’s heard Nur al-Din married and had a child, but has presumably never contacted him and doesn’t know about his nephew’s straits. This is such a soap opera.

The sultan, it will astonish you, has not taken the rejection well. Out of pure spite, he’s forced the girl to marry the ugliest servant he can find and has ordered the marriage be consummated tonight. It’s awful for both of them – the girl, who has a husband she doesn’t want and has been forbidden from seeing her father, is crying among her friends and the groom, currently corralled at the baths, is a figure of fun to the other men. The ifrit declares the unhappy bride to be even lovelier than Hasan, and so alike in looks they might be siblings or cousins.

Night twenty two commences with the jinniya angrily refuting the possibility anyone could be better looking than her find. Is this how the elemental forces spend their time, hanging out in graveyards and debating the relative hotness of random humans? To settle the debate once and for all, the jinniya suggests they compare the two and the ifrit carries Hasan to Cairo. The poor boy wakes in a panic, reacting pretty much as anyone would when they realise they’ve been abducted in their sleep. The ifrit, reacting pretty much as a creepy kidnapper would, hits him and makes him put on a fancy robe. “Know that I have brought you here and am going to do you a favour for God’s sake,” he then explains. “Take this candle and go to the baths, where you are to mix with the people and walk along with them until you reach the bridal hall.” Once inside, he is to dig into a pocket of apparently endless gold coins and give them to whoever approaches him.

Bewilderedly, Hasan does as he’s told. He soon wins the approval of all the singing girls by filling their instruments with gold coins and when they reach Shams al-Din’s house, the girls insist Hasan come in too or there’ll be no music. The sultan’s chamberlains cave in fast. I am unreasonably delighted by this bargaining.

Inside the bridal hall, all the women, married and otherwise, start crushing wildly on the handsome stranger. They are far gone enough to let down their face veils, which is so obvious a symptom I’m assuming their husbands are not there to see. The unlucky groom looks terrible in comparison to Hasan and gets roundly cursed by all the women present.

Suddenly, the music redoubles and the bride enters. Gorgeously attired and bejewelled, the last word in stunning, she walks right past her husband to stand in front of Hasan and all the ladies ship them like mad. The singing girls are into it too, since Hasan is still showering them in gold. Everyone crowds round the golden couple, leaving the poor groom alone, which is totally unfair and incredibly sad. He didn’t ask for this.

Hasan feels bad about it for a moment, not to mention confused, but doubts depart him as he looks on the bride’s beauty. Can I just point out here that we still don’t know her name? He doesn’t either, and doesn’t care, because for some reason her maids are taking off her clothes and she’s reciting seductive poetry like this is an unusually literate striptease. Redressed in blue, she is ‘a summer moon set in a winter night'; over and over she is stripped and dressed afresh, deliberately showing off for Hasan while completely ignoring the groom. That’s fair enough, she never wanted to marry him and Hasan is, as the story has taken some pains to make clear, extremely attractive. Clad in the seventh and final dress, she makes her feelings known by saying aloud, “Oh God, make this my husband and free me from this hunchbacked groom.” That is unkind.

The guests depart after that, leaving only the bride, her intended husband the husband she’s picked for herself. It’s awkward. The groom tries to take charge of the situation by very politely asking Hasan to leave. Hasan, in turn, tries to do precisely that, but the ifrit stops him at the door. Shippers in this story are truly intense. “When the hunchback goes out to the latrine, enter at once,” the ifrit orders, “and sit down in the alcove. When the bride comes, tell her: ‘I am your husband and the sultan only played this trick on you for fear you might be hurt by the evil eye.'” He then adds, “As fas as we are concerned, this is a matter of honour.” What. Is. Even. Going. On.

As predicted, the groom slips out to the toilet and the ifrit ambushes him in the form of a mouse. Who then turns into a cat. Who then turns into a dog. The groom is terrified, but the ifrit is not even close to done. He becomes a donkey, then a buffalo, booming insults at his victim and threatening to kill him for daring to try and marry Shams al-Din’s daughter. “By God,” the groom wails, “none of this is my fault. They forced me to marry the girl and I didn’t know that she had a buffalo for a lover.”

How is this story real?

The ifrit tells him to stay until sunrise then go away and never come back, on pain of death. The groom does not need to be told twice. Humiliated several times over, he deserves to get out and find a better place.

Wow, this episode turned out unexpectedly huge. Return next week to find out how the sultan takes the switch-up, and also why I am WILDLY HAPPY about the bride’s name.

Dreaming the Way

No wonder we dream our way through our lives. To be awake, and see it all as it really is…no one could stand that for long.

- Terry Pratchett, The Wee Free Men

When writers die they become books, which is, after all, not too bad an incarnation.

- Jorge Luis Borges

Terry Pratchett died last week. He was a remarkable man and a remarkable writer who should, if there was any justice to these things, have been a part of the world far longer than he was. I didn’t know him. I would have loved to meet him, but I never did and now I never will. What I knew were his books, the characters he wrote and the stories he told. I know the world he made.

The Discworld started out as a satire on epic fantasy, riotous and irreverent. This is a genre rife with problematic tropes and in the early books Pratchett was always tripping over them, but then stopping – as not enough writers do – to examine them closer. The thing I love most about his work is how he would take one of those tropes and twist it into a shape that made sense. You think all dwarves are male? Actually they have a complex and nuanced perception of gender identity in which femininity is intensely private, and the system is being challenged by dwarves who want to wield their enormous battleaxes whilst also wearing lipstick or sequins or whatever the hell else catches their fancy. You think trolls are stupid? Their neurology is really intended for colder climates and under the right conditions they can master the heights of advanced mathematics.

Pratchett asked the inconvenient questions. When a dragon takes up residence in your city and demands a sacrifice, how is the local law enforcement supposed to respond? What happens to the excess mass when a person is transformed into a toad? If golems exist solely to be given orders, what happens when they start making up their own? How would a religious order react if their god turned up on the doorstep? Each idea makes for fantastic jokes, but it’s humour that makes you think. The best kind.

The character of Death is in every Discworld book. A skeletal, scythe-bearing being in black robes, he is also a grandfather, a cat lover, an adventurer; a conscientious, lonely, loveable person just trying his best. But he’ll get the job done, and done well.

Reading a Pratchett novel makes you believe in people. Not in a sentimental way, since the books are all earthy pragmatism and even the most charming characters are flawed, but a sense of optimism infuses his stories, a belief that we can and will do better. On one of the worst days of my life, I threw myself headfirst into a Discworld novel and for a little while I could breathe properly again. Two years ago I dressed up as Lilith Weatherwax and went to the inaugural Hogswatch in July festival in Brisbane; last year I went again and the white rose of my official ‘inhumation’ sits in a jar of pencils on my desk. Watching Hogfather with my mother is a Christmas tradition, part of the cultural language our family shares. Each of these things is a gift between a writer and the stranger who read his words.

It hurts to know the time of new adventures is over. When someone picks up a book by Terry Pratchett for the first time, they won’t be waiting for a new installment, can’t hope to see those characters again once the final book is read. Other people may write sequels and spin-offs, but they won’t be his. They won’t be real, not to me.

What he wrote is enough. The world he created is a rich tumult of imagination, a place where anything could (and generally did) happen. Maybe he won’t write any new books, but he’ll always have new readers.

When writers die they become books. I think that’s true.

If anyone can get a smile out of Death, it would be Terry Pratchett.

The Sharazad Project: Week 11

Trigger warning: references to domestic abuse and murder

Still in night nineteen, we get an unexpected sequel with JA’ FAR, who is my second favourite (Sitt al-Husn holds first place, due to her undying glory). He’s still in the service of the caliph, who is still under the impression he’s egalitarian and in touch with the people. To prove it, he drags Ja’far on a trip into the city, to ask random citizens if they’re satisfied with their governors. I’m not sure what ‘governor’ means in this context, I’m thinking like city councillors?

In the markets they pass an elderly man who is carrying a fishing net and basket, and reciting sad poetry to himself about how wisdom counts for less than hard currency in this mercenary world. “Look at this man and note his verses, which show that he is need,” the caliph tells Ja’far excitedly and approaches the old man to strike up conversation. Turns out he is, unsurprisingly, a fisherman, who has no catch with which to feed his family. Naturally he’s depressed about it.

“Would you go back with us to the Tigris,” the caliph suggests, “stand on the bank and trust in my luck as you cast your net. Whatever comes up I will buy for a hundred dinars.” There’s no need to ask twice. The fisherman casts his net as instructed and pulls up an unexpectedly heavy catch: a large locked chest. The caliph hands over the promised sum and has the chest brought home, where it can be broken open. Within they find a basket of palm leaves, sewn shut; inside that, a carpet rolled around a shawl, and inside the shawl a horrific discovery – the dismembered body of a girl.

The caliph takes out his distress on Ja’far. “Dog of a vizier, are people to be murdered and thrown into the river during my reign, so that I am to be held responsible for them on the Day of Judgement? By God, I must make the murderer pay for this girl’s death and I shall put him to the most cruel of deaths.” Hey, remember that time your own son wanted to decapitate his wife? START YOUR JUSTICE AT HOME.

He doesn’t. Instead he tells his vizier, who has done nothing wrong, that if he can’t produce the murderer within three day not only will he be hanged but forty of his cousins will meet the same fate. Ja’far has no idea where to start and spends the whole allotted time brooding. When the caliph sends for him, all he can offer is indignance. “Am I the monitor of murder victims,” Ja’far cries, “that I should know who killed the girl?” The fact he’s one hundred percent right counts for nothing. A town crier is sent into Baghdad to proclaim the execution. A crowd gathers at the gallows, weeping for the condemned men. One handsome young man pushes to the front of the throng, so that he can speak to Ja’far. “Lord of the emirs and shelterer of the poor, you are saved from this plight. The killer of the murdered girl whom you found in the chest is I, so hand me in retaliation for her death and take revenge for her on me.”

Ja’far seems to doubt the veracity of this claim but is grateful for his rescue. Even as the youth is speaking, however, an old man joins them and claims responsibility too. Ja’far looks bewilderedly from one stubborn suspect to the other, then hands the conundrum over to his boss. “Hang them both,” the caliph decides. WHY IS HE IN CHARGE. “If only one of them killed her, then to hang the other would be unjust,” Ja’far points out. The younger man describes the condition of the body in such detail that surely only the murderer could know. He then offers his full confession.

The girl was his cousin, his wife and mother of his three sons. They were apparently very much in love, but then she fell abruptly, seriously ill and was slow to recover. When she developed a craving for apples her husband searched everywhere, only to return home empty handed – after which she took a turn for the worse. Probably a coincidence. Nevertheless, having asked around the local orchards, the young man learned that the only apples to be had were from the caliph’s own garden at Basra, and at a steep price. He bought them anyway. Sadly they made no difference to his wife, she was too ill to touch them, but after ten days her fever broke and she began to recover.

Shortly afterwards, the young man was shocked to see one of those same apples in the hand of a slave passing in the street. Upon enquiring after its origin, he learned the slave was given it by his girlfriend, who in turn was given it by the husband she was cheating on. The young man went straight home, saw one of his wife’s apples was missing and murdered her without a second thought. He then wrapped the body as the caliph found it and hurled it in the river. Returning home, he found his eldest son in tears. The poor kid had no idea what his father had done; no, he was upset because he took the apple and the slave stole it off him while he was playing with his brothers. The boy was afraid his mother would beat him when she found out. “For God’s sake, father,” the guilty child begged, “don’t say anything to her that may make her ill again.” His father burst into tears. I want to say something viciously sarcastic but feel too nauseous to manage it.

The old man, suspect no.2, came upon the weeping murderer at this point and heard the tale. He joined in the sobfest. For five days they wallowed, like that was any use to the dead woman. “All the blame for this rests on the slave,” the youth tells the caliph, and because he’s a misogynistic tyrant, the caliph agrees. “By God,” he exclaims, “I shall hang no one except this damned slave and I shall do a deed which will cure the sick and please the Glorious King.” (By this, I think he also means God. Add repetitive to his other flaws).

Night twenty begins with the caliph turning on his hapless vizier, tasking him with finding the slave. Ja’far could not be worse at this kind of thing. He locks himself up for the whole three days, since that worked out last time, and as a result is sent straight back to the gallows. Permitted to farewell his family, he hugs his youngest and favourite daughter last. She offers him an apple. A slave in their household called Raihan sold it to her for two dinars. Her timing is flawless.

Delighted at the last minute deliverance, Ja’far calls Raihan into his presence, ascertains the story and drags him along to the appointment with the caliph, who finds the whole thing amusing. I hate this caliph so much. Ja’far unexpectedly insists on his slave being spared in exchange for the tale of vizier Nur al-Din ‘Ali and his brother Shams al-Din Muhammad. Apparently it’s just that remarkable.

We’ll see if that’s true next week.

Review – The White Queen

The White Queen (The Cousins War No.1) – Philippa Gregory

Simon & Schuster, 2009

As the war for the English throne rages between the rival dynasties of York and Lancaster, those who have chosen the losing side must take wild gambles. Elizabeth Woodville lost her husband in the defence of Lancaster; now she must appeal to the generosity of the newly crowned York king, Edward. To attract his goodwill she has only her beauty and the blessing in her blood, as a descendant of the water goddess Melusina. Edward is fascinated by the proud widow, but by aligning her life with his, Elizabeth is stepping into a world of treachery and intrigue, glory won with grief.

Ever since I watched Philippa Gregory host a documentary about the women of the Cousins War, I wanted to read her version of events. The conundrum of historical fiction is knowing how much to believe; Gregory includes a disclaimer at the end of the book to help make that distinction, but her theories are compelling and the way she shapes the character of Elizabeth Woodville – a woman of ambition and heart, loyalty and malice – is beautifully done. I also liked the fantasy element woven through and the way it kept the women at the centre of the narrative. This is immensely engaging historical fiction, rich and intelligent. The series continues with The Red Queen.

Review – Revelation Space

Revelation Space (Revelation Space No.1) – Alastair Reynolds

Gollancz, 2003

Originally published in 2000

On the planet Resurgam, far from the rest of human civilisation, Dan Sylveste and his team of archeologists delve into the secrets of an ancient alien culture. Ferociously single-minded, Sylveste fails to notice his crumbling hold on authority. Far away, former soldier Ana Khouri has been accidentally exiled to Chasm City and marks time in her unwanted new existence by playing lethal games with the dissipated aristocracy. Meanwhile, aboard the lighthugger Nostalgia for Infinity, its captain is dying an extraordinary death and his crew are tracking down the one man with a chance of making him well. It makes little difference to them that Calvin Sylveste is long dead. As each path collides, a terrible truth begins to emerge – and it’s too late to hold it back.

Revelation Space is the fourth Reynolds book I’ve read and the first he wrote. There’s some roughness in his style that is ironed out in later works; for example, times where he tells the reader something about a character that does not match up with what he’s shown. It’s confusing and a bit frustrating, as I liked some of the characters a lot less than he did and others much more. (Mild spoiler: Volyova and Khouri are my favourites. I love each scene where they do anything together.) This is dense space opera, don’t expect a fast or simple read – but the plot is of such breath-taking scale and imagination that the effort is utterly worthwhile. The series continues with Redemption Ark.